We should have to destroy this graceful orchid from the mountains of the Himalayas and all of its maturing sisters, the inconspicuous would not be at work in silence, to help these gems of the plant world to shape and perfection.
They are extremely fine threads of mushrooms – mostly they belong to species of the genus Rhizoctonia -, without whose help the germination of every orchid seed would be inconceivable. The supplies contained in the seeds of most other plants are sufficient, to secure their development up to independent nutrition, so the windy orchid seedling is initially only dependent on the fungus as a "nurturing mother". But even later, many orchids reveal themselves through a more or less strong fungus growth of their roots, that they appreciate the benefits of living with a mushroom. However, the mushrooms are not only active in the service of perfect beauty. Especially the less representative representatives, which are not capable of photosynthesis due to a lack of leaf green, have been completely dependent on nourishing fungal hyphae throughout their lives. Nestwurz, Coral root, Thing and antagonism, those unsightly pale or brownish plant forms of the Central European forests, are examples of this special case of plant-based nutrition.
The orchid can extract its substance from the fungus in a very peculiar way: From the orchid root or. chemotactically attracted to the rhizome, The finest fungal threads penetrate their bark layers, grow into dense balls of thread in the outer cell districts at the expense of the host, however, are digested by the plant in lower regions. Because they also obtain substances from the soil mycelium via connection hyphae, the plant not only receives back its own materials with the digested hyphae, but also those from the mushroom ".