Orchideen Stanhopea tigrina

Orchideen Stanhopea tigrina

Who can solve the jumble of the flower parts at first glance?, that this adventurously designed orchid offers us? In the nature, where one can see these fantastic structures from all sides, may still go on; however, the transfer into two-dimensionality makes it even more difficult to find the basic elements of the orchid flower, which are now familiar to us.

This is what one thinks at first with the right one, in rear view imagining flower of an animal skull, a mask, to be stared at – In fact, there is something demonic about our Stanhopea in shape and color. The animality of this orchid, those of everyone 50 Stanhopea species with the largest flowers (15-20 cm), also sounds in the species name tigrina. The turned back inner and outer bracts are of an attractive red-brown "tenderness"; The obliquely rounded sepals on the sides stand out noticeably wider.

The purple dotted one, meaty, waxy lip is complex in structure. Your basal part – here in the picture without stippling – is the so-called. Hypochil. It is expanded like a sack, d.h. to a broad hemispherical one, redesigned in front of the opening cave, whose internal glandular tissue is almost unbearably strong, a numbing vanilla scent escapes. The middle lip region (Mesochil) has two crescent-shaped horns curved forward, those of our kind in Mexico are called "toritos", d.h. Stir, have entered.

Under the broad, sharp tridentate end section of the labeilum, the epichil, peeps out the pillar end. Otherwise the one above the "cave" will arise, curved far forward and downward, Petal-like columns on the right flower of the Epichil, covered by one of the horns on the left. As strange as the flower structure of Stanhopea may appear, their pollination conditions appear even stranger. Made "drunk" by numbing substances from the walls of the hypochiloid cavity, the insect glides helplessly down the smooth inside of the lip as if on a slide. When falling through the "funnel mouth" – formed from column, Horns and epichil – grazes the insect's scar and anthers.

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