Orchids Illustrations - 17 Century - part 2

Out: Johann Theodor de Bry (1561-1623): "Selected renewing and enlarging". Edited by Matthaeus Merian (1593-1650). Frankfurt a.M. 1641.Out: Johann Theodor de Bry (1561-1623): "Selected renewing and enlarging". Edited by Matthaeus Merian (1593-1650). Frankfurt a.M. 1641.
Occasionally a botanist has to work as a detective, namely then, if it applies, unravel ancient plant names. But with such a splendid copperplate engraving, this little puzzle is particularly tempting and appealing. The species with their names that are valid today will now be presented here one after the other.
top row:
1. Bumblebee larynx – Ophrys fuciflora (CRANTZ) MOENCH
2. Stately orchid – Orchis mascula L.
3. Horny orchid – Orchis 50. or purple orchid – Orchis purpurea HUDS.
4. Brandknabenkraut – Orchis ustulata L.
5. Rote Spitzorchis, Dogwort – Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) RICH.
bottom row:
1. Creeping Gunsel – Ajuga reptans L.
2. Spotted orchid – Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) SOO
3. Broad-leaved orchid (ungefleckte Form) – Dactylorhiza majalis (RCHB.) HUNT et SUMMERH.
4. Waldhyazinthe – Platanthera 5-?
As we see, got in the second row (1.) a stranger crept in, a mint. Probably the one from Ober- and the lower lip gave rise to this confusion. A comparison of the root system of the terrestrial orchids shown shows that the orchids have two different tuber forms: rounded in the genus Orchis and fingers- or. palmate in the genus Dactylorhiza. Because after the flowering period, one of the two “little hands” dries up and blackens, the other, certain for the coming ride, but is smooth and white, they were popularly distinguished as the hand of the devil and the hand of God.

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